Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

FSCN in partnership with various national and international organizations have successfully completed more than twenty WASH projects in different districts of Nepal. One of the innovations of FSCN is facilitation for establishment of first ever WASH cooperative in Nepal which is in Rupandehi district.

Under WASH program, FSCN in partnership with DCA/ NCA implemented four major programs: Construction of drinking water supply schemes, construction of household latrines, construction of institutional latrines and hygiene promotion activities for earthquake affected communities of Bhaktapur and Lalitpur districts. The details of all these four programs are given below:

 

  1. Construction of drinking water supply schemes:

 

Under WASH program, FSCN in partnership with DCA/ NCA implemented our major programs: Construction of drinking water supply schemes, construction of household latrines, construction of institutional latrines and hygiene promotion activities.  The details of all these four programs are given below:

  1. Construction of drinking water supply schemes:

From our initial observation and assessment after the earthquake, we came to knowthat drinking water supply of some earthquake affected communities of Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts were damaged and the people were having scarcity of drinking water. Our technical team was deployed for feasibility study, detailed engineering survey, cost estimation and preparation of action plan for ensuring availability of drinking water in the affected communities. Thereafter, on the basis of reports of technical team, the detailed proposal was prepared and submitted to the concerned partner for further process to launch reconstruction and maintenance works.

In this span of one year, FSCN in partnership with DCA/ NCA, successfully completed the construction of seven water supply schemes in Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts (five in Lalitpur and two in Bhaktapur).  The detail about project areas and beneficiary numbers is mentioned in the table below:

Name of WSS Beneficiary HHs Beneficiary Individuals
Lalitpur
Bungmati Drinking Water Supply Improvement Project (Karyabinayak municipality) 1834 6969
Gautam Water Supply Scheme (Lamatar, Mahalaxmi municipality) 28 154
Kallyachaur Water Supply Scheme (Godawari municipality) 110 605
Lubhu Drinking Water Scheme (Lubhu, Mahalaxmi municipality) 1100 6050
Thulaghar Drinking Water Scheme (Lamatar, Mahalaxmi municipality) 130 715
Bhaktapur
Chhaling Water Supply Scheme (Changunarayan municipality-1) 69 380
Sudal Water Supply Scheme (Nagarkot municipality-7) 450 2475
Total                                                                       3721 20,465

 

  1. Household latrines construction support:

With the prime objective of facilitating safe and hygienic household latrines for the earthquake affected families, FSCN has supported 1040 households of Bhaktapur and Lalitpur districts for the construction of household latrines.

For the entire course of construction works, two bags of cement (each 50 Kg), one latrine Pan, two pieces of 7 ft. CGI Sheet, 3 m HDEP pipe, and other necessary stuffs such as nails and so forth were distributed to all the 1040 households. Each household cost was NRs 5,000 while additional NRs. 2,000 was supported to the selected most vulnerable households as labor cost too. After the construction of latrines FSCN distributed latrine cleaning materials to each household. The detail about this program is mentioned in the table below:

Program Area No. of HHs benefitted Total Beneficiary number
Lalitpur:
Bungmati, Karyabinayak Municipality 235 1292
Lamatar , Mahalaxmi Municipality 320 1760
Lubhu, Mahalaxmi Municipality 65 358
Siddhipur, Mahalaxmi Municipality 60 2296
Bhaktapur:
Tathali, Mahamanjushree Nagarkot Municipality 50 275
Chhaling, Changunarayan, Changunarayan Municipality 310 1705
Total 1040 5720

 

  • School latrine construction

Due to the earthquake, many school latrines were also destroyed and the students and teachers would face a difficult situation if the toilets were not reconstructed/ renovated. In order to mitigate this problem, FSCN supported construction/ renovation of 13 schools of Bhaktapur and Lalitpur. Three community schools of Bhaktapur and 10 community schools of Lalitpur were supported under this program. The detail of the school latrine construction is listed below.

S.N. Institution Name Address Total Students
1. Krishna Primary School Chagunarayan, Bhaktapur 97
2. Balmikeshwor Lower Secondary School Dhareli, Bhaktapur 203
3. Saraswoti Secondary  School Nagarkot-7, Bhaktapur 140
4. Triratna  Secondary School Bungmati, Lalitpur 250
5. Bakhel Lower Secondary  School Bungmati, Lalitpur 76
6. Mahendra Adarsa  Higher Secondary School Imadol, Lalitpur 293
7. Kalidevi Sec. School Lamatar-1, Lalitpur 111
8. Basuki Sec. School Lamatar-1, Lalitpur 250
9. Kitini Higher Sec. School Godawori, Lalitpur 1075
10. Suryodaya  Bal Bikash Primary Sec School. Imadol, Lalitpur 115
11. Navajyoti Secondary school Jharuwarasi, Lalitpur 157
12. Shree Narayan LowerSec. School Tikatahali, Lalitpur 150
13. Shree Krishna L .S School Godavari, Lalitpur 80
  Total   3273

 

  1. Hygiene Promotion

 

  • Hygiene Kit distribution

During the time of emergency, it is very important to maintain personal hygiene in order to prevent various types of contagious diseases. Therefore soon after the disaster, FSCN distributed hygiene kits to the earthquake affected families of Bhaktapur and Lalitpur , which was supported by DCA. Each hygiene kit contained 10 hand washing soaps, Two laundry soaps, One  large bucket, One mug,  One water container,  Six bottles of water purifier,  Four pieces of sanitary clothes, Two pieces of ladies innerwear, Four baby diapers,  One torch, batteries,  One hygiene bag and  Four packs of ORS. After few days, FSCN conducted hygiene kit replenishment program and distributed additional items (6 tooth brush, 2 toothpaste, 6 bottles of water purifier, 10 hand washing soaps and 2 laundry soaps) to those households.

Altogether, 1874 households (1043 of Lalitpur and 831 of bhaktapur) were benefited from this program.

  • Hygiene promotional activities

The earthquake affected community people were made aware of the importance of hygiene and sanitation through various Hygiene Promotion Activities. Special trainings and discussion/orientation were organized for women, school children and teachers.

The details of the activities and number of beneficiaries are mentioned in the table below:

Activities District No. of events No. of beneficiary individuals
Community based Orientation on “Hygiene on Emergencies” Lalitpur

Bhaktapur

76

101

6287

4680

School based Orientation on “Hygiene on Emergencies” Lalitpur

Bhaktapur

27

20

1108

1157

Training on Hygiene Promotion to Teachers Lalitpur

Bhaktapur

2

2

53
Training on Hygiene Promotion to FCHVs Lalitpur

Bhaktapur

3

1

51

 

 

Total 232 13,336