FSCN in partnership with various national and international organizations have successfully completed more than twenty WASH projects in different districts of Nepal. One of the innovations of FSCN is facilitation for establishment of first ever WASH cooperative in Nepal which is in Rupandehi district.
Under WASH program, FSCN in partnership with DCA/ NCA implemented four major programs: Construction of drinking water supply schemes, construction of household latrines, construction of institutional latrines and hygiene promotion activities for earthquake affected communities of Bhaktapur and Lalitpur districts. The details of all these four programs are given below:
- Construction of drinking water supply schemes:
Under WASH program, FSCN in partnership with DCA/ NCA implemented our major programs: Construction of drinking water supply schemes, construction of household latrines, construction of institutional latrines and hygiene promotion activities. The details of all these four programs are given below:
- Construction of drinking water supply schemes:
From our initial observation and assessment after the earthquake, we came to knowthat drinking water supply of some earthquake affected communities of Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts were damaged and the people were having scarcity of drinking water. Our technical team was deployed for feasibility study, detailed engineering survey, cost estimation and preparation of action plan for ensuring availability of drinking water in the affected communities. Thereafter, on the basis of reports of technical team, the detailed proposal was prepared and submitted to the concerned partner for further process to launch reconstruction and maintenance works.
In this span of one year, FSCN in partnership with DCA/ NCA, successfully completed the construction of seven water supply schemes in Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts (five in Lalitpur and two in Bhaktapur). The detail about project areas and beneficiary numbers is mentioned in the table below:
|Name of WSS||Beneficiary HHs||Beneficiary Individuals|
|Bungmati Drinking Water Supply Improvement Project (Karyabinayak municipality)||1834||6969|
|Gautam Water Supply Scheme (Lamatar, Mahalaxmi municipality)||28||154|
|Kallyachaur Water Supply Scheme (Godawari municipality)||110||605|
|Lubhu Drinking Water Scheme (Lubhu, Mahalaxmi municipality)||1100||6050|
|Thulaghar Drinking Water Scheme (Lamatar, Mahalaxmi municipality)||130||715|
|Chhaling Water Supply Scheme (Changunarayan municipality-1)||69||380|
|Sudal Water Supply Scheme (Nagarkot municipality-7)||450||2475|
- Household latrines construction support:
With the prime objective of facilitating safe and hygienic household latrines for the earthquake affected families, FSCN has supported 1040 households of Bhaktapur and Lalitpur districts for the construction of household latrines.
For the entire course of construction works, two bags of cement (each 50 Kg), one latrine Pan, two pieces of 7 ft. CGI Sheet, 3 m HDEP pipe, and other necessary stuffs such as nails and so forth were distributed to all the 1040 households. Each household cost was NRs 5,000 while additional NRs. 2,000 was supported to the selected most vulnerable households as labor cost too. After the construction of latrines FSCN distributed latrine cleaning materials to each household. The detail about this program is mentioned in the table below:
|Program Area||No. of HHs benefitted||Total Beneficiary number|
|Bungmati, Karyabinayak Municipality||235||1292|
|Lamatar , Mahalaxmi Municipality||320||1760|
|Lubhu, Mahalaxmi Municipality||65||358|
|Siddhipur, Mahalaxmi Municipality||60||2296|
|Tathali, Mahamanjushree Nagarkot Municipality||50||275|
|Chhaling, Changunarayan, Changunarayan Municipality||310||1705|
- School latrine construction
Due to the earthquake, many school latrines were also destroyed and the students and teachers would face a difficult situation if the toilets were not reconstructed/ renovated. In order to mitigate this problem, FSCN supported construction/ renovation of 13 schools of Bhaktapur and Lalitpur. Three community schools of Bhaktapur and 10 community schools of Lalitpur were supported under this program. The detail of the school latrine construction is listed below.
|S.N.||Institution Name||Address||Total Students|
|1.||Krishna Primary School||Chagunarayan, Bhaktapur||97|
|2.||Balmikeshwor Lower Secondary School||Dhareli, Bhaktapur||203|
|3.||Saraswoti Secondary School||Nagarkot-7, Bhaktapur||140|
|4.||Triratna Secondary School||Bungmati, Lalitpur||250|
|5.||Bakhel Lower Secondary School||Bungmati, Lalitpur||76|
|6.||Mahendra Adarsa Higher Secondary School||Imadol, Lalitpur||293|
|7.||Kalidevi Sec. School||Lamatar-1, Lalitpur||111|
|8.||Basuki Sec. School||Lamatar-1, Lalitpur||250|
|9.||Kitini Higher Sec. School||Godawori, Lalitpur||1075|
|10.||Suryodaya Bal Bikash Primary Sec School.||Imadol, Lalitpur||115|
|11.||Navajyoti Secondary school||Jharuwarasi, Lalitpur||157|
|12.||Shree Narayan LowerSec. School||Tikatahali, Lalitpur||150|
|13.||Shree Krishna L .S School||Godavari, Lalitpur||80|
- Hygiene Promotion
- Hygiene Kit distribution
During the time of emergency, it is very important to maintain personal hygiene in order to prevent various types of contagious diseases. Therefore soon after the disaster, FSCN distributed hygiene kits to the earthquake affected families of Bhaktapur and Lalitpur , which was supported by DCA. Each hygiene kit contained 10 hand washing soaps, Two laundry soaps, One large bucket, One mug, One water container, Six bottles of water purifier, Four pieces of sanitary clothes, Two pieces of ladies innerwear, Four baby diapers, One torch, batteries, One hygiene bag and Four packs of ORS. After few days, FSCN conducted hygiene kit replenishment program and distributed additional items (6 tooth brush, 2 toothpaste, 6 bottles of water purifier, 10 hand washing soaps and 2 laundry soaps) to those households.
Altogether, 1874 households (1043 of Lalitpur and 831 of bhaktapur) were benefited from this program.
- Hygiene promotional activities
The earthquake affected community people were made aware of the importance of hygiene and sanitation through various Hygiene Promotion Activities. Special trainings and discussion/orientation were organized for women, school children and teachers.
The details of the activities and number of beneficiaries are mentioned in the table below:
|Activities||District||No. of events||No. of beneficiary individuals|
|Community based Orientation on “Hygiene on Emergencies”||Lalitpur
|School based Orientation on “Hygiene on Emergencies”||Lalitpur
|Training on Hygiene Promotion to Teachers||Lalitpur
|Training on Hygiene Promotion to FCHVs||Lalitpur